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Ayodhya Ram Mandir

Ayodhya Ram Mandir

Why in the news Ayodhya Ram Mandir?

Recently Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated a grand temple to Hindu god Ram in the flash point city of Ayodhya names Ayodhya Ram Mandir.

History of Ram Mandir

Built in the sixteenth century, the site was once home to the Babri Masjid. Before the mosque was assault and destroy in 1992, the idols of Rama and Sita were install there in 1949. The Indian Supreme Court rule in 2019 that Muslims would receive land elsewhere to build a mosque, while Hindus would receive the contest area for a temple. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) report that suggests the existence of a non-Islamic structure beneath the now-demolish Babri Masjid was use by the court as evidence. Critics, however, sharply contests the ASI claims, calling them inconsistent and untrustworthy.

However, efforts were in vain since the ASI report was deem legitimate by the Supreme Court following extensive deliberations. In a groundbreaking decision, the Supreme Court found that the mosque’s underlying structure was not Islamic in nature and that there was ample evidence that Hindus considered the disputed site to be the birthplace of Rama.

Architecture of Ayodhya Ram Mandir

  • The Sompura family of Ahemdabad came up with the initial plan for Ram Mandir in 1988. For at least 15 generations, the Sompuras have contributed to the design of over 100 temples worldwide, including the Somnath temple. Chandrakant Sompura, the temple’s principal architect, was help by his two sons, Nikhil and Ashish Sompura, who also architects.
  • In 2020, the Sompuras creates a new design that differed slightly from the original in accordance with the Hindu scriptures, the Vastu and Shilpa shastras. The temple will be 49 meters (161 feet) in height, 120 meters (380 feet) in length, and 76 meters (250 feet) broad. After it was finish, the temple complex rank third in size among Hindu temples worldwide.
  • Its design base on the Māru-Gurjara architecture of Nagara style, which predominantly associates with Hindu temple building in northern India. In 2019, at the Prayag Kumbh Mela, a model of the proposing temple was on display.
  • The three-story main building of the temple was constructs on an elevate platform. There were five mandapas on the entrance path and in the center of the sanctum sanctorum, or garbhagriha. Kudu, Nritya, and Rang are representing by three mandapas on one side, while Kirtan and Prarthana are represents by two mandapas on the other side. The mandapas adorne with shikharas in the Nagara style.

Legal Battles of Ayodhya Ram Mandir:

The legal battles surrounding the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute spanned several decades, involving numerous court cases and judgments. The turning point came in 1992 when the Babri Masjid was demolished by a mob of Hindu extremists, leading to heightened tensions and communal strife. Subsequently, legal proceedings were initiated to determine the rightful owner of the disputed site.

In 2010, the Allahabad High Court delivered a landmark judgment, dividing the disputed land into three parts among the Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara, and the party representing Lord Ram (Ram Lalla Virajman). The verdict was met with mixed reactions and was appealed to the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court, in a historic judgment in November 2019, granted the entire disputed land to the Hindus, allowing the construction of a Ram Mandir. The court also directed the government to allocate an alternative plot of land for the construction of a mosque. The judgment was a significant milestone in the legal resolution of the dispute, paving the way for the construction of the Ram Mandir.

Socio-Political Implications regarding Ayodhya Ram Mandir:

The Ram Mandir issue has profound socio-political implications, influencing the fabric of Indian society and politics. The movement for the construction of the temple gained momentum in the 1980s, with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) actively championing the cause. The Ram Janmabhoomi movement became a rallying point for Hindu nationalism, providing a political platform for the BJP.

The demolition of the Babri Masjid in 1992 led to widespread communal riots and upheaval across the country, causing deep scars that still resonate in the collective memory of the nation. The issue has been a flashpoint for religious polarization and has fueled debates on secularism and the role of religion in politics.

Nation-Building and Symbolism:

The construction of the Ram Mandir is not merely the realization of a religious aspiration but also a symbol of India’s nation-building process. The temple’s construction signifies the assertion of a distinct cultural and religious identity, emphasizing the importance of historical continuity and tradition in shaping the nation’s ethos.

The Ram Mandir stands as a testament to the resilience of Indian democracy and the judiciary’s ability to address complex religious and historical disputes. It reflects the delicate balance between secularism and religious pluralism, showcasing the capacity of the Indian state to navigate through diverse identities and faiths.

Cultural Impact and Unity in Diversity of Ayodhya Ram Mandir:

While the Ram Mandir is a Hindu religious site, its construction also highlights the diversity and inclusivity of Indian culture. India has a rich tapestry of religious and cultural traditions, and the Ram Mandir coexists with mosques, churches, and other places of worship across the country. The construction of the temple emphasizes the need for fostering unity in diversity, celebrating the myriad expressions of faith that define the Indian subcontinent.

Conclusion:

The construction of the Ram Mandir represents not just the fulfillment of a religious aspiration but also a milestone in India’s democratic journey. It is a reminder of the challenges inherent in navigating the intersections of faith, politics, and nation-building. As the nation moves forward, it is essential to reflect on the lessons learned from the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute and work towards fostering harmony, inclusivity, and a shared vision of a pluralistic India.

SOURCES: BBC, THE HINDU, WIKIPEDIA