EDEN IAS

Daily MCQ UPSC Current Affairs

Daily MCQs for UPSC Current Affairs | 30THNOVEMBER 2022

Question 16: Consider the following statements:

  1. The Hunger Hotspots Outlook (2022-23) report is released by the Food and Agriculture Organization and World Food Program.
  2. The Citizen Perception Survey is conducted as part of the Ease of Living Index of Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • The Hunger Hotspots Outlook (2022-23) — a report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Food Program (WFP) — forebodes escalating hunger, as over 205 million people across 45 countries will need emergency food assistance to survive.
  • The Citizen Perception Survey (CPS) is conducted as part of the Ease of Living Index. The CPS was conducted for the first time in 2020.
  • The purpose of the CPS is to directly capture the perception of citizens regarding the quality of life in their cities. It carries 30 per cent of the total mark under the Ease of Living Index.
  • The Ease of Living Index is a comprehensive assessment that evaluates cities across India based on their quality of life, economic ability and sustainability. The third round of this index was included as part of the Urban Outcomes Framework (UOF) 2022, which was launched by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in April this year. Other frameworks and initiatives included in the UOF 2022 are Municipal Performance Index (MPI), Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF) and Data Maturity Assessment Framework (DMAF).

Question 17: Towards 1000’ strategy’ sometime seen in the news, is related with:

  1. UNFCCC
  2. UNCCD
  3. International Solar Alliance
  4. World Bank

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • The International solar Alliance is guided by its ‘Towards 1000’ strategy which aims to mobilize USD 1,000 billions of investments in solar energy solutions by 2030, while delivering energy access to 1,000 million people using clean energy solutions and resulting in installation of 1,000 GW of solar energy capacity.

Question 18: Consider the following statements:

  1. The Breakthrough Agenda is an international plan to deliver clean and affordable technology everywhere by 2030, launched at the COP26 climate summit.
  2. India is part of it.
  3. It is modelled on the UK’s landmark Net Zero Strategy.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi is among 40 leaders to back and sign up to the UK’s Glasgow Breakthroughs, an international plan to deliver clean and affordable technology everywhere by 2030, launched at the COP26 climate summit.
  • India joins the US, European Union, China, among others representing more than 70 per cent of the world’s economy and every region, to sign up to the agenda.
  • Modelled on the UK’s landmark Net Zero Strategy, the Breakthrough Agenda will see countries and businesses coordinate and strengthen their climate action each year to dramatically scale and speed up the development and deployment of clean technologies and drive down costs this decade.

The first five goals, the Glasgow Breakthroughs, collectively covering more than 50 per cent of global emissions:

  • Power: Clean power is the most affordable and reliable option for all countries to meet their power needs efficiently by 2030.
  • Road Transport: Zero emission vehicles are the new normal and accessible, affordable, and sustainable in all regions by 2030.
  • Steel: Near-zero emission steel is the preferred choice in global markets, with efficient use and near-zero emission steel production established and growing in every region by 2030.
  • Hydrogen: Affordable renewable and low carbon hydrogen is globally available by 2030.
  • Agriculture: Climate-resilient, sustainable agriculture is the most attractive and widely adopted option for farmers everywhere by 2030.

Question 19: Consider the following statements with respect to the First Movers Coalition initiative:

  1. It is led by the World Economic Forum and the US government.
  2. It was launched at COP27 of the UNFCCC as a flagship public-private partnership to clean up the most carbon-intensive sectors.
  3. The First Movers Coalition targets sectors, including aluminium, aviation, chemicals, concrete, shipping, steel and trucking.
  4. India joined the First Movers Coalition to decarbonize carbon-heavy sectors.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 3 and 4
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Correct Answer: D

Explanation

About First Movers Coalition Initiative:

  • It is led by the World Economic Forum and the US government.
  • It was launched at COP26 as a flagship public-private partnership to clean up the most carbon-intensive sectors.

Aim:

  • To creates early markets for clean technologies through policy measures and private sector engagements.
  • The coalition’s members have committed to purchasing out of their total industrial materials and long-distance transport spending a percentage from suppliers using near-zero or zero-carbon solutions, despite the premium cost.

Target:

  • It is a global initiative aimed at decarbonizing the heavy industry and long-distance transport sectors responsible for 30 percent of global emissions.
  • The First Movers Coalition targets sectors, including aluminum, aviation, chemicals, concrete, shipping, steel and trucking.
  • India joined the First Movers Coalition to decarbonize carbon-heavy sectors.

Question 20: Consider the following statements:

  1. The Mission Possible Partnership is an alliance of climate leaders focused on supercharging efforts to decarbonize some of the world’s highest-emitting industries in the next 10 years.
  2. The World Economic Forum is one of its core partners.

Which of the following statements is/are true?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C

Explanation

  • The Mission Possible Partnership is an alliance of climate leaders focused on supercharging efforts to decarbonize some of the world’s highest-emitting industries in the next 10 years.
  • The Mission Possible Partnership is an ambitious effort to trigger a net-zero transformation of seven industrial sectors, leveraging the convening power, talent and expertise of world-leading organizations on climate action.
  • The goal is to propel a committed community of CEOs from carbon-intensive industries—together with their financiers, customers, and suppliers—to agree and act on decarbonizing industry and transport in this decade.
  • MPP comprises four core partners: the Energy Transitions Commission, RMI, We Mean Business Coalition and the World Economic Forum. 
  • Concrete, steel, aluminum, and chemicals—as well as the ships, planes, and trucks that move them—are the building blocks of the global economy. But these seven sectors are currently responsible for 30% of greenhouse gas emissions, and that is projected to grow. MPP is working to change that.