EDEN IAS

HUMAN ACTIONS

HUMAN ACTIONS Vs ACTS OF HUMAN

HUMAN ACTIONS

The major focus of ethics is on Human Actions. In simple terms, those actions which are deliberately and consciously performed by humans through their intellect and will are known as Human Actions.

Important Prerequisites for Human Actions

Moral philosophers maintain that three requirements must be concurrently present for any action to be a ‘human action’. They are Knowledge, Voluntariness and Freedom.

  1. Knowledge (One should be aware of what he/she is doing): Knowledge is an essential requirement for an action to be a human action. Knowledge means familiarity, awareness or understanding of someone or something.
  2. Voluntariness (The action should flow from the will of a person): Besides knowledge the action must be voluntary in nature i.e. it must proceed from the will. Actions can proceed directly from the will like consenting or indirectly through other faculties which are commanded by the will like thinking.
  3. Freedom (The action must be freely performed without any coercion/force): Although some human actions are voluntary i.e. the actor carries out the action all by himself not every voluntary action is free. Freedom is the blossoming of the volition into sentience.

HUMAN ACTIONS Vs ACTS OF HUMAN

We know that, the major focus of ethics is on human actions. However, while focusing on human actions one should know differences between “Human Actions” and “Acts of Human”.

  • Those actions which are deliberately and consciously performed by humans through their intellect and will are known as human actions. In contrast to this ‘Acts of Human’ are instinctive in nature e. they are driven by an impulse or habit.

Actus Humanus” – i.e. deliberate human actions- and “Actus Hominis” –undeliberate human actions. Ethics Judges only Human actions from the point of view of rightness or wrongfulness and not acts of human.