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HYDROGEN THROUGH COAL GASIFICATION | GS ARTICLES

Coal gasification is the process of converting coal into synthesis gas (also called syngas), which is a mixture of hydrogen (H2), carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2).

The syngas can be used in a variety of applications such as in the production of electricity and making chemical products, such as fertilisers.

 

HOW DOES IT WORK IN HYDROGEN PRODUCTION?

 

  • Chemically, coal is a complex and highly variable substance that can be converted into a variety of products.
  • The gasification of coal is one method that can produce power, liquid fuels, chemicals, and hydrogen.
  • Specifically, hydrogen is produced by first reacting coal with oxygen and steam under high pressures and temperatures to form synthesis gas, a mixture consisting primarily of carbon monoxide and hydrogen.
  • After the impurities are removed from the synthesis gas, the carbon monoxide in the gas mixture is reacted with steam through the water-gas shift reaction to produce additional hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
  • Hydrogen is removed by a separation system, and the highly concentrated carbon dioxide stream can subsequently be captured and stored

Benefits of Coal Gasification Technology:

  • Promotes alternative usage of domestic coal in eco-friendly manner: This process is around 17 to 20% more efficient than conventional coal-burning to produce electricity
  • Hence, it reduces the dependency on coal mining for energy generating power plants.
  • Hydrogen Economy: It can be used in hydrogen fuel cell production because gasification of coal is one method that can produce power liquid fuel chemical and hydrogen.
  • Reduce Fiscal Deficit: Use of more domestic Coal for energy uses will reduce imports of coal, urea, crude oil and gas, reducing fiscal deficit.

Challenges:

  • High Cost: These technologies tend to have high initial cost set up and maintenance cost.
  • Not Pollution Free:Develop carbon capture, utilization, and storage technologies that ensure minimal carbon dioxide is released in the production process
  • Menace of Coal Mining: It cannot eliminate the environmental harm of coal mining.
  • Develop new technologies that can replace the cryogenic process currently used to separate the required oxygen from air.

 

 

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