national pharmacy commission bill 2023..


Why in the news National Pharmacy Commission Bill?

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare proposes to finalize the National Pharmacy Commission Bill, 2023 for setting up the National Pharmacy Commission and repealing the Pharmacy Act, 1948.

About Pharmacy Commission:

The Pharmacy Act of 1948 is a piece of legislation that governs the practice and profession of pharmacy. Its objectives are to:

  • Advance national health goals.
  • Expand the availability of reasonably priced, high-quality pharmacy education.
  • Expand the pool of qualified pharmaceutical experts.
  • Create a strong grievance resolution process for pertinent issues.
  • Encourage fair healthcare by providing all persons with access to pharmaceutical services.
  • Encouraging the upkeep of an Indian pharmacy registration and conducting an open evaluation of pharmacy schools.
  • Promote the adoption of the most recent pharmacy research, research participation, and adherence to strict ethical guidelines among pharmacy professionals.

Key provisions of Draft National Pharmacy Commission Bill, 2023:

There will be a National Pharmacy Commission (NPC).

  • Appointment: Based on the Search-cum Selection Committee’s recommendations, the Central Government would create the NPC, which will have its headquarters located in New Delhi.
    • Search-cum Selection Committee
      • Chairperson: Secretary, MoH&FW.
      • Members nominated by Central Government:
      • 3 pharmacy experts with qualifications and experience of not less than 20 years in pharmacy education.
      • 1 person, possessing outstanding qualifications and experience of not less than 20 years in management or law or economics or science and technology.
    • Composition: Chairperson, thirteen ex official Members and fourteen part-time Members.
    • Chairperson: The Central Government will appoint the individual based on a range of criteria, such as being a registered pharmacist, demonstrating administrative ability, and having at least ten years of experience.
    • Conditions and Terms of Office: Members may not be reappoint to the same position or any similar one, nor may they be grants an extension of term in office beyond four years or until they sixty-five. After a minimum of six-month cooling-off period, they will, nonetheless, be qualify for appointment to a higher position.
    • Removal: The Central Government removes a member by order in the following situations: the member has been found to be insolvent, has been found guilty of a crime, or has become mentally or physically incapable.
    • The functions of Commission:
      • Establishing guidelines and standards for the management of pharmacy education and training.
      • Exercise appellate jurisdiction with respect to decisions of Boards.
      • Provide research, physical and instructional facilities, minimum tuition fees, and fundamental educational requirements.
      • Work together with businesses and other educational establishments to leverage innovative technologies and blended learning to accelerate innovation and research in the pharmaceutical sector.
  • Central Government shall constitute three boards (functioning under NPC) namely
    • Pharmacy Education Board: The mission of the Pharmacy Education Board is to uphold all pharmacy degrees awarded by Indian universities and pharmacy-related institutions.
    • Pharmacy Assessment and Rating Board: Without this board’s previous approval, the establishment of new pharmacy schools or programs forbidden.
    • Pharmacy Ethics and Registration Board: To uphold openness by keeping a National Pharmacy Register with information on pharmacy professionals.
  • Board composition: A board may consist of no more than two full-time members and two part-time members, excluding the president.
  • Terms of office and Board Member and President’s Terms of Service:
    • The President’s and Whole-Time Members’ terms will be for four years, after which they will not be eligible for renewal or reappointment to the same or a similar position. After a six-month cooling-off period, they will, however, be qualifies to be considering for the position of Commission Chairperson.
    • Part-time members will have a two-year term, after which they will not be eligible for renewal or reappointment to the board or commission.
  • The Central Government established the Pharmacy Advisory Council to provide guidance to the Commission on ways to improve fair access to pharmacy education, training, and research.
  • National Pharmacy Commission Fund:
    • A fund will be established which shall form the part of the Public Account of India.
    • The fund will be used to cover administrative costs as well as the wages and benefits due to the Chairperson, Secretary and Members of Commission as well as Presidents and Members of Board.


India is known as the pharmacy of the world because it produces reasonably priced, internationally recognized pharmaceuticals. Therefore, the industry needs a structure that supports development in order to satisfy changing healthcare demands. It also has to embrace innovation and promote cooperation.

Source: Mohfw.gov.in