<p><strong>Why in News?</strong><br />
Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) officers in Odisha have written to the organization&rsquo;s director normal and sought an inquiry into demolitions by Bhubaneswar Growth Authority (BDA) across the 12th century Lingaraj temple.<br />

<p><strong>About:</strong><br />
&bull; ASI, is the custodian of the Lingaraj shrine, which is protected under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (AMASR Act).<br />
o Under AMASR Act, the 100-metre space surrounding a monument is said a prohibited zone.<br />
o Other 200 metres within the periphery a regulated space for building, reconstruction, repairs and renovation work.&nbsp;<br />
o Any building or restore work in that periphery requires permission from the Nationwide Monument Authority and ASI.<br />
Lingraj Temple:<br />
&bull; Built during the 11th century AD. The temple has been described as &ldquo;One of the finest examples of purely Hindu Temple in India&rdquo; by noted critic and historian James Fergusson (1808-1886).<br />
&bull; The temple marks the culmination of the temple architecture in Bhubaneswar which was the cradle of the Kalinga School of Temple Architecture. The sprawling temple complex has one hundred and fifty subsidiary shrines.<br />
&bull; The temple can broadly be divided into four main halls. The Garba Griha (Sanctum Sanctorum), the Yojana Mandapa (the hall for prayers) the Natya Mandapa (dance and music hall), and the Bhoga Mandapa (where devotees can have the Prasad (offering) of the Lord)<br />
&bull; The exquisite carvings depicting chores of daily life, the activity centers, apart from being a place of worship makes the temple a place for social and cultural gathering, somewhat like a modern community center.<br />
&bull; Lingaraj is referred to as &lsquo;Swayambhu&rdquo; &ndash; (self-originated Shivling). Another important aspect of the temple is that it signifies the syncretization of Shaivism and Vaishnavism sects in Odisha.<br />
&bull; The other attraction of the temple is the Bindusagar Lake, located in the north side of the temple.</p>

<p><strong>Source: The Indian Express</strong><br />