Syllabus Section: Polity and Governance
WHY IN NEWS?
The accused in Hathras rape case will undergo brain fingerprinting.
WHAT IS BRAIN FINGERPRINTING ?
• Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling ( BEOSP) also known as brain fingerprinting is a neuro psychological method of interrogation in which the accused’s participation in the crime is investigated by studying their brain’s response.
• BEOSP test is carried out via process known as electroencephalogram. This is conducted to study the electrical behaviour of the human brain.
Selvi v. State of Karnataka Case
• In, 2010 Supreme Court passed the judgement where the bench observed that narco analysis, polygraph and brain mapping test can not be forced upon individual without their consent and the test results can not be admitted solely as evidence.
• Any Information or material discovered during the test can be made part of the evidence.
Source: Indian Express