EDEN IAS

NEWS IMPULSE – MALABAR EXERCISE| 04 NOVEMBER

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<p><span><img alt=”” src=”https://i.filecdn.in/476edenias/WhatsAppImage2020-11-04at11-58-12AM-1604471522836.jpeg” /></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>Context</span></b></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>Phase 1 of the Malabar Naval Exercise kicks off on Tuesday, with participation of Australian navy for the first time since 2007. A look at what the exercise is about, and why it is particularly significant this year.</span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>What is Malabar Exercise?</span></b></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>It is a multilateral naval exercise that includes simulated war games and combat manoeuvres. It started in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between the Indian and US navies. Japan joined in 2015. This year the exercise will be held in two phases, the first from Tuesday off the coast near Visakhapatnam, and the second in the Arabian Sea in mid-November. Last year it was held in early September off the coast of Japan.</span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>This year&rsquo;s Malabar Exercise has been planned on a &ldquo;non-contact-at sea&rdquo; format keeping Covid-19 protocols in mind.</span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>What is the difference this year?</span></b></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>For the first time in over a decade, the exercise will see the participation of all four Quad countries. This will be the second time Australia will participate. In 2007, there were two Malabar Exercises. The first was held off Okinawa island of Japan in the Western Pacific &mdash; the first time the exercise was held away from Indian shores &mdash; and the second in September 2007, off Visakhapatnam, with the Indian, Japanese, US, Australian and Singapore navies.</span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>The following year, Australia stopped participating. Japan became a regular participant only in 2015, making it a trilateral annual exercise since then.</span></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>Why is Australia&rsquo;s participation important?</span></b></span></span></p>

<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>As the standoff in eastern Ladakh continues, the participation of four large navies from the Indo-Pacific region will send a message to China. Sources have mentioned that earlier, it was the possibility of riling up China that had prevented India from expanding the Malabar Exercise, and from Australia joining it.</span></span></span></p>

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<p style=”margin-bottom:13px”><span style=”font-size:12pt”><span style=”font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif”><b><span style=”font-family:&quot;Cambria&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;”>Source- Indian Express</span></b></span></span></p>

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