EDEN IAS

NEWS IMPULSE | MARS OXYGEN IN-SITU RESOURCE UTILIZATION EXPERIMENT(Moxie)| 26 APRIL

Syllabus Section: Science and Technology

Why in News?

  • NASA’s Perseverance rover on Mars makes oxygen from planet’s carbon dioxide atmosphere.

About:

  • It is the second successful technology demonstration on the mission, which flew a mini-helicopter recently.
  • The generation of oxygen was performed by a toaster-sized unit in the rover called Moxie – the Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment.
  • It produced about 5 grams of oxygen, equivalent to roughly 10 minutes’ worth of breathing for an astronaut.
  • NASA is planning that future human missions would take scaled-up versions of Moxie with them to the Red Planet rather than try to carry all the oxygen needed to sustain them.
  • Mars’ atmosphere is dominated by carbon dioxide (CO₂) at a concentration of 96 per cent. The expectation is that it can produce up to 10 grams of O₂ per hour.
  • This is the first extraction of a natural resource from the environment of another planet.

Source: All India Radio

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