<p><strong>Syllabus Section: International Affairs</strong></p>

<p><strong>What is the news?</strong><br />
&bull; Myanmar&rsquo;s military staged a coup detaining de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi and declaring it had taken control of the country for one year under a state of emergency.<br />
&bull; The intervention came with rising tensions between the military, which ruled the country for nearly five decades, and the civilian government over allegations of fraud in November&rsquo;s elections.<br />
&bull; The military had signaled its intentions to seize power to settle its claims of irregularities in the polls, which Suu Kyi&rsquo;s party won easily.</p>

<p><strong>How was the coup carried out?</strong><br />
&bull; The military detained the leaders of the governing NLD party and Myanmar&rsquo;s civilian leadership, including Suu Kyi and President Win Myint, along with various ministers and even the opposition.<br />
&bull; The military quickly seized control of the country&rsquo;s infrastructure, suspending most television broadcasts and canceling all domestic and international flights, according to reports.<br />
&bull; Telephone and internet access was suspended in major cities.<br />
&bull; The stock market and commercial banks were closed, and long lines were seen outside ATMs in some places.<br />
&bull; In Yangon, the country&rsquo;s largest city and former capital, residents ran to markets to stock up on food and other supplies.</p>

<p><strong>Aung San Suu Kyi</strong><br />
&bull; Suu Kyi came to power as state councilor in 2016 after the country&rsquo;s first fully democratic vote in decades.<br />
&bull; Her ascension to leadership was seen as a critical moment in the transition of Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, to democracy from military dictatorship.<br />
&bull; Suu Kyi, the daughter of the country&rsquo;s independence hero General Aung San, spent more than 15 years under house arrest.<br />
&bull; Her time in detention made her an international icon, and she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991.<br />
&bull; Since her release, her reputation has been tarnished by her cooperation with the military and her deadly campaign against the Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic minority group.</p>

<p><strong>India&rsquo;s response</strong><br />
&bull; India is &ldquo;deeply concerned&rdquo; with the return to military rule, which is a repeat of events thirty years ago.<br />
&bull; It sees only the option to engage, building on its outreach in recent years via the security and defense establishment.<br />
&bull; India seeks a more pragmatic approach, engaging the military while pushing for more freedoms and democracy in Myanmar.</p>

<p><strong>Source: The Hindu</strong><br />