<p><strong>Syllabus section: Geography</strong></p>

<p><strong>Why in News?</strong><br />
Denmark recently approved a plan of constructing the world&rsquo;s first energy field island in the North Sea. The energy island will be producing and storing enough green energy for covering the electricity needs of 3 million European households.</p>

<p><strong>About:</strong><br />
&bull; The artificial island in the North Sea, which is in its initial phase, will be the size of 18 football fields.&nbsp;<br />
&bull; It will be linked to hundreds of offshore wind turbines and will be supplying power to the households and green hydrogen for use in aviation, shipping, industry, and heavy transport.<br />
&bull; The move of building an energy island has come as the European Union unveiled plans of transforming its electricity system to rely mainly on renewable energy within a decade and for increasing its offshore wind capacity 25-fold by the year 2050.<br />
&bull; The energy island in the North Sea will be costing around 210 billion Danish crowns ($33.9 billion). It will be located 80 kms off the west coast of Denmark and its surrounding wind turbines will have an initial capacity of 3 gigawatts.&nbsp;<br />
&bull; The island will be operational around 2033.<br />
&bull; The energy island in the North Sea is a significant part of Denmark&rsquo;s legally binding target of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 70% by 2030 from 1990 levels. It is one of the world&rsquo;s most ambitious targets.</p>

<p><strong>Source: Economic times</strong><br />