EDEN IAS

PRITHvi VIgyan Scheme

PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)” Scheme?

Introduction to PRITHvi VIgyan Scheme-

WHAT IS IT?

It is an all-encompassing plan that will handle the Earth system’s five components in PRITHvi VIgyan Scheme (atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere), improving knowledge of Earth System Sciences while delivering reliable services for the nation.

The scheme encompasses five ongoing sub-schemes namely –

  • Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)
  • Ocean Services, Modelling Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART)
  • Polar Science and Cryosphere Research (PACER)
  • Seismology and Geosciences (SAGE) and Research Education
  • Training and Outreach (REACHOUT)”.

It’s further define as follows-

  1. ACROSS SCHEME- The scheme will provide improved weather, climate, ocean forecast and services, and other hazard related services thereby ensuring transfer of commensurate benefits to the end -user through various services like Public weather service, agro-meteorological Services, Aviation services, Environmental monitoring services, Hydro-meteorological services, climate services, tourism, pilgrimage, power generation, water management, Sports & adventure etc. The whole process from generation of forecast to its delivery requires considerable manpower at every stage, thereby generating employment opportunities to many people.
  2. O-SMART- To generate and regularly update information on Marine Living Resources and their relationship with the physical environment in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), To periodically monitor levels of sea water pollutants for health assessment of coastal waters of India, to develop shoreline change maps for assessment of coastal erosion due to natural and anthropogenic activities.
  • PACER- Polar Science and Cryosphere Research (PACER) scheme comprising the Antarctic program, Indian Arctic program, Southern Ocean program and Cryosphere and Climate program implements successfully through National Center for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  1. SAGE- The SAGE portal will be a “one-stop access” of elderly care products and services by credible start-ups. The start-ups will be selected on the basis of innovative products and services, which they should be able to provide across sectors such as health, housing, care centres, apart from technological access linked to finances, food and wealth management, and legal guidance.

The major Objectives of the overarching Prithvi Scheme are as follows:

  1. Improving and sustaining long-term monitoring of the Earth System’s key indicators of dynamics and changes by monitoring the atmosphere, ocean, geosphere, cryosphere, and solid earth.
  2. Investigating the science underlying climate change and developing modelling tools to understand and predict weather, ocean conditions, and climate hazards.
  3. Investigating high seas and polar areas in search of novel resources and occurrences.
  4. Creating technology that will enable the sustainable exploration and use of marine resources for the benefit of society.
  5. Converting Earth systems research knowledge and insights into services that benefit society, the environment, and the economy.

Point to note– Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is mandated to translate Science to Services for the Society in providing services for weather, climate, ocean and coastal state, hydrology, seismology, and natural hazards; to explore and harness marine living and non-living resources in a sustainable manner for the country and to explore the three poles of the Earth (Arctic, Antarctic and Himalayas).

WHAT IS SCIENCE TO SERVICES FOR THE SOCIETY?

The phrase “Science to Services for the Society” captures the idea of converting scientific discoveries, knowledge, and inventions into useful applications and services that directly benefit the general public. This method entails bridging the gap between the demands and challenges of the community on a daily basis and scientific study.

These services include weather forecasts (both on land and in the Oceans) and warnings for various natural disasters like tropical cyclones, storm surge, floods, heat waves, thunderstorm and lightning; alerts for Tsunamis and monitoring of earthquakes, etc. The services provided by the Ministry are being effectively used by different agencies and state governments for saving human lives and minimising damages to the properties due to natural disasters.

CONCLUSION

The overarching scheme of Prithvi Vigyan will enable development of integrated multi-disciplinary earth science research and innovative programs across different MoES institutes. These integrated R&D efforts will help in addressing the grand challenges of weather and climate, ocean, cryosphere, seismological science and services and explore the living and non-living resources for their sustainable harnessing.

SOURCE: PIB