SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
CPCB has undertaken comprehensive measures to give effect to India’s commitment to ban identified Single-Use Plastic items Ban by 30th June 2022.
- CPCB’s multi-pronged approach as part of its Comprehensive Action Plan encompasses:
- measures to reduce the supply of raw materials,
- demand-side measures to reduce plastic demand,
- enabling measures to promote alternatives to SUP,
- digital interventions for efficient monitoring and to create awareness, and
- guidance to State Boards for effective implementation of directions.
- all leading petrochemical industries have been direct to not supply plastic raw materials to the industries engage in single-use plastic items production.
- As per the Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, 2016, there is a complete ban,
- On sachets using plastic material use for storing, packing, or selling gutkha, tobacco, and pan masala.
- As per Plastic Waste Management (Amended) Rules, 2021, the manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale and use of carrying bags made of virgin or recycled plastic less than seventy- five microns has been banned with effect from 30th September 2021, as opposed to fifty microns, recommended earlier under PWM Rules, 2016.
- Additionally, the notification of12th August 2021, prohibits the manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale, and use of the following identified single-use plastic items, which have low utility and high littering potential with effect from the 1st July 2022:
- earbuds with plastic sticks, plastic sticks for balloons, plastic flags, candy sticks, ice-cream sticks, and polystyrene [Thermocol] for decoration.
- plates, cups, glasses, cutlery such as forks, spoons, knives, straws, trays, wrapping or packing films around sweet boxes, invitation cards, cigarette packets, plastic or PVC banners less than 100 microns, and stirrers.
- Single-use plastics, or disposable plastics, are used only once before they are thrown away or recycled. These items are things like plastic bags, straws, coffee stirrers, soda, water bottles, and most food packaging.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
SOURCE: THE HINDU