SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (ECONOMY)
WHY IN NEWS?
The draft framework, announced by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology earlier, looks at acquiring ownership of non-personal data from the Government and persuading private companies to share this data for the benefit of start-ups in the country.
- The government is planning to define “ownership” of non-personal data held by big tech platforms, such as Google, Meta and Amazon, if they refuse to share such data with a regulator as proposed in the draft National Data Governance Framework.
- The currently lacks key details on this subject— including the types of non-personal datasets that companies would be expects to share.
- The draft also proposes the setting up of an India Data Management Office (IDMO), which will be in charge of designing and managing the platform that will process requests and provide access to non-personal.
- Tech companies have so far opposed sharing non personal data with the Government, citing violation of trade secrets and intellectual property rights
What is Non-Personal Data?
- Non personal data any data set that does not contain personally identifiable information.
- It could include aggregated information, such as the overall health data of a particular demography, weather and climate data of an area, and traffic data.
Why government wants sharing of non-personal data?
- To harness the economic benefits. The idea of harnessing economic benefits from aggregate non-personal datasets was first propose by a MEITY-appoints committee headed by Infosys cofounder Kris Gopalakrishnan
- Non-personal data that has been derives after processing personal data and collect by the companies to train their own algorithms is eventually monetize by them
DRAFT NATIONAL DATA GOVERNANCE FRAMEWORK POLICY
- It is a replacement of the now scrapped India Data accessibility and use policy.
- The objective of the policy is to modernize the government’s data collection, with an aim to improve governance and to enable an AI and data-led research and start up ecosystem in the country.
- It calls for the creation of an India Datasets program, which will consist of non-personal and anonymize datasets from Central government entities that have collected data from Indian citizens or those in India.
- The non-personal data housed within this program would be accessible to start ups and Indian researchers.
- The draft also calls for creation of an India Data Management Office (IDMO), which will be in charge of designing and managing the India Datasets platform.
- The omission of the most contentious provision in the old draft — selling data collected at the Central level in the open market.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS