SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (NATIONAL SECURITY)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
In a recent report, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) India had said 160 nuclear warheads as of January 2022 which shows the expansion in its nuclear arsenal.
- Nine countries possess nuclear weapons, including the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel, and North Korea.
- According to the SIPRI, China is in the middle of a substantial expansion of its nuclear weapon arsenal.
- Satellite images indicate the construction of over 300 new missile silos.
- China had 350 nuclear warheads in January 2021 and 2022
- Even though China’s total inventory is the same as for January 2021, the number of stockpiled warheads potentially available for use has changed because new launchers became operational during 2021.
- India’s nuclear stockpile increased from 156 in January 2021 to 160 in January 2022.
- Pakistan’s nuclear stockpile has remained at 165.
- Both countries i.e; India and Pakistan introduced and continued to develop new types of a nuclear delivery system in 2021.
STOCKHOLM INTERNATIONAL PEACE RESEARCH INSTITUTE (SIPRI):
- It was establish in 1966.
- It provides data, analysis, and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media, and the interested public.
- SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control, and disarmament
Vision and mission
- SIPRI’s vision is a world in which sources of insecurity are identified and understood, conflicts are prevented or resolved, and peace is sustained.
SIPRI’s mission is to:
- undertake research and activities on security, conflict, and peace;
- provide policy analysis and recommendations;
- facilitate dialogue and build capacities;
- promote transparency and accountability; and
- deliver authoritative information to global audiences.
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Source: The Hindu