SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (INTERNATIONAL ISSUES)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
India joins G7 countries and along with four invited (Argentina, Indonesia, Senegal, South Africa) countries, signed the ‘2022 Resilient Democracies Statement’.
- In the statements countries committed to guarding the freedom, independence and diversity of civil society actors and protecting the freedom of expression and opinion online and offline.
- Countries affirm their commitment to work towards equitable, inclusive and sustainable solutions to global challenges (climate change, COVID-19) and reaffirm to the rules- based international order.
- It took note of 2021 Carbis Bay Open Societies Statement and recognized the dramatic changes in the geopolitical situation since then and the significant threats to democratic systems around the world.
- The statement assumes significance amidst aggressive moves by China in the strategic Indo-Pacific region as well as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine
Principles of RDS
- Global Responsibility– To promote respect for other states’ territorial integrity and sovereignty; supporting democracy worldwide and free & fair elections etc.
- Information Environment–
- To protecting the freedom of expression and opinion online and offline and ensuring a free and independent media landscape through our work with relevant international initiatives.
- It is promised to guard the freedom, independence and diversity of civil society actors, speak out against threats to civic space, and respect freedom of association and peaceful assembly.
- Civil Society:
- To advance programmes for the protection of human rights defenders and all those exposing corruption; promote academic freedom and strengthen the role of scientific evidence and research in democratic debate;
- To protect civic space, and uphold transparent, accountable, inclusive and participatory governance, including by advancing women’s full, equal and meaningful participation and leadership in civic and political life.
- Inclusion and Equality-Protecting freedom of thought, conscience, religion/ belief and promoting interfaith dialogue; social cohesion and inclusion etc.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
SOURCE: THE HINDU