EDEN IAS

INTERNET SHUTDOWNS

UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | INTERNET SHUTDOWNS HURT MUCH MORE THAN WE REALISE: UN RIGHTS OFFICE | 30TH JULY | DTE

SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY)

WHY IN NEWS INTERNET SHUTDOWNS?

Recently, United Nations-backed report (by OHCHR) has highlighted that shutdowns the internet affects people’s safety & well-being, hampers information flow and harms the economy

INTERNET SHUTDOWN:

Internet shutdowns are measures taken by a government or on behalf of a government,

To intentionally disrupt access to and the use of information and communications systems online.

STATUS OF SHUTDOWN IN INDIA:

India’s record: India blocked or disrupted internet connections 106 times and at least 85 of India’s internet shutdown episodes were in Jammu & Kashmir

IMPACT OF SHUTDOWN:
  • Economic Impact: It disrupts financial transactions, entrepreneurship, commerce and industry
  • The World Bank recently calculated that Internet shutdowns in Myanmar alone had cost nearly $2.8 billion from February-December 2021,
  • They reversing economic progress made over the previous decade.
  • Political Impact: It eliminate access to digital tools that are critical for campaigning, promoting public discussion, conducting voting and overseeing the electoral processes
  • Civic Impact: Disrupt societal debates, works of NGO, SHG.
  • Other Impact: Interferes with health and education e.g., for digital education and tele-medicines, endangers vulnerable sections: women and girls who are in need of support and protection.

Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS

SOURCE: DTE

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