SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
The state of Maharashtra Mangrove Cell Appoints CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) to conduct a baseline study to identify potential sites for the restoration of corals.
Recently, in a bid to record and identify stressed coral zones along the Maharashtra coastline.
As well as the reasons that are stressing the ecosystems,
- This appointment was made under the India–United Nations Development Programme-Green Climate Fund (GOI-UNDP-GCF).
- The project titled ‘Enhancing Climate Resilience of India’s Coastal Communities
- The goal of this one-year project is to identify and record stressed coral zones.
- Highlight the causes that are stressing the ecosystem, and strive to reduce stressors.
- It will also look for suitable particular recipient sites for coral restoration in sub-tidal regions along the Maharashtra coast.
- It will also look for prospective donor sites for restoration along the state coast and on other Indian reefs in MAHARASHTRA MANGROVE CELL APPOINTS CSIR-NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY.
- They are invertebrate animals belonging to Cnidaria and live in a symbiotic relationship with algae zooxanthellae.
- Zooxanthellae provide coral polyps with different colours and food. In return, they receive a protected environment and the nutrients they need to carry out photosynthesis.
- Coral reefs also act as ‘wave breaks’ between the sea and the coastline and minimize the impact of coastal erosion.
- In India, they garner the same protection as a tiger or elephant under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA), 1972.
- The Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay, the Gulf of Kutch, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and the Lakshadweep islands have the major reef formations in India.
THREAT TO CORALS:
|CORAL CULTIVATION AND CONSERVATION PROJECTS:
· In Maharashtra’s three-year-long Sindhudurg project, corals were cultivate and then left on ocean beds at a depth suitable for their growth.
Ø Under coral cultivation fragments of corals were taken and attach to concrete frames with the help of nylon threads.
· In a project in the Andaman Islands since 2017, ReefWatch Marine Conservation has transplant coral fragments onto nine artificial structures totalling a 20 square metre area.
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SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS