SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (Governance)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
- Recently, the Ministry of Tourism, in partnership with the United Environment Program (UNEP) and the Responsible Sustainable Tourism Society of India (RTSOI) organized National Summit on Developing Sustainable & Responsible Tourist Destinations in New Delhi.
- The Ministry of Tourism launched the National Strategy for Sustainable Tourism and Responsible Traveller Campaign.
- To increase private sector investment in tourism and hospitality
- In the summit the strategic pillars for the development of sustainable tourism have been identified as:
- Promoting Environmental Sustainability
- Protecting Biodiversity
- Promoting Economic Sustainability
- Promoting Socio-Cultural Sustainability
- Scheme for Certification of Sustainable Tourism
- IEC and Capacity Building and Governance.
- To enhance the skills of local youth in tourism and hospitality
- India will increase its capacity of non-fossil energy capacity to 500 GW and meet 50 percent of its energy requirements through renewable energy by 2030.
- State tourism policies should recognize sustainability principles and the Sustainable Development Goals in their vision and strategic direction for tourism.
- Swadesh Darshan 2.0 has been launched.
Swadesh Darshan 2.0
Vision: To develop sustainable and responsible tourism destinations in the country.
Mission: To create a robust framework for integrated development of tourism destinations in partnership with the States/ UTs and local governments for promoting sustainable and responsible tourism in the country.
Objectives: The strategic objectives of the Scheme are:
- To enhance the contribution of tourism to the local economies
- To preserve and enhance the local cultural and natural resources
Why Swadesh Darshan 2.0?
The Ministry of Tourism carried out a detailed review of the Scheme and identified the following areas for improvement:
- Broad basing of Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee
- To create jobs including self-employment for local communities
- State-level Institutional Structure for the Scheme
- Strategic selection of the destinations
- Detailed benchmarking and gap analysis of destination
- Focus on both hard and soft Interventions
- Strengthening of Project Implementation and Monitoring
- Operations and maintenance on a sustainable basis
- Promotion & marketing of the destinations
- Impact Assessment
- This revamped scheme is a generational shift to evolve Swadesh Darshan Scheme as a holistic mission to develop sustainable and responsible tourism destinations covering tourism and allied infrastructure, tourism services, human capital development, destination management, and promotion backed by policy and institutional reforms.
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