SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (HEALTH ISSUES)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
Recently, the country’s first ever list of basic dos and don’ts to ensure the safety of TYPE-1 DIABETES patients during travel has been published.
- India has the highest number of incidents and prevalent cases of Type-1 diabetes in the world as per recent estimates from the International Diabetes Federation.
- The Council has suggested that patients should inform the physician in advance, preferably four to six weeks before the planned travel.
- And should have medications and blood testing materials for the whole trip plus reserve supplies for at least two to four weeks if unforeseen circumstances extend the travel.
· Diabetes is a Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (a hormone that regulates blood sugar, or glucose), or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin, it produces.
TYPES OF DIABETES:
TYPE 1 DIABETES:
· TYPE-1 DIABETES, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
· It develops in children and teens as the pancreas either stops making insulin or makes it in very low amounts.
· Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction, which destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, called beta cells.
TYPE 2 DIABETES:
· The body either doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it resists insulin, unlike in type I, the cells in the body do not respond to it as effectively as they once did.
· The population with 45 and above age groups is the most affected by it.
· This is the most common type of diabetes and it has strong links with obesity.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS