SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (HEALTH ISSUES)
WHY IN NEWS?
Recently, people living with HIV have been protesting outside because of shortage of some medicine since March this year.
REASONS FOR THE PROTESTS:
- There has been a shortage of some medicines since March this year, owing to tenders by the Centre failing.
- Several states have been experiencing shortage of one HIV medicine or the other due to procurement problems by NACO.
- There is shortage of nevirapine syrup and dolutegravir that is being given as ART.
WHY IS THE SHORTAGE A CONCERN?
- While there is no cure for HIV infection,
- ART aims to reduce the re plication of HIV and bring the viral load to undetectable levels.
- There has been a decline in mortality and illness resulting from HIV infection,
- Due to better availability of affordable and effective ART.
- Continued suppression of the virus with the use of ART over time leads to reduction in the progression of HIV,
- The frequency of opportunistic infections, and increases lifespan and quality of life.
- If medicines are skip, there is a possibility of the viral replication increasing and taking backwards the progress made in treatment.
AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMMES:
- After the detection of the first case in India in 1986, the Government of India established a National AIDS Control Program (NACP) which has now become the Department of AIDS under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
- The National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) was established in 1992 as a division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- It provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programs in India through 35 Prevention and Control Societies.
- NACO is the nodal organization for the formulation of policy and implementation of programs for prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in India
- There are numerous Non‐Governmental and Community Based Organizations (NGOs & CBOs) working on HIV/AIDS issues in India at the local, state, and national levels.
- India receives technical assistance and funding from a variety of UN partners and bilateral donors.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS