SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (SOCIAL ISSUES)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
According to Ministry report of Lancet study, of the total 1,31,714 deaths due to road accidents,
The speeding accounted for 91,239 or 69.3%.
- This Lancet study points out that interventions focusing on four key risk factors namely speeding,
- Drunk driving, non-use of crash helmets and seat belts could help avoid about 25% to 40% of the 13.5 lakh fatal road injuries worldwide every year.
- This is the first study that provides country-specific estimates of the impact of addressing four key road safety risk factors through interventions for 185 countries.
- It says that in India, interventions to check speeding could help save 20,554 lives. promotion of crash helmets could save about 5,683 lives and encouraging the use of seat belts can save 3,204 lives.
DATA ON ACCIDENT-RELATED DEATHS IN INDIA
About 14 lakh people die each year and up to 5 crores are injure due to road traffic injuries globally.
- India accounts for close to 10% of all crash-related deaths while accounting for only 1% of the world’s vehicles.
- According to a report by Road Transport and Highway Ministry in 2020, a total of 1,31,714 deaths were records due to road accidents.
- Over speeding constituting about 69.3% of deaths.
- Non-wearing of helmets accounting for 30.1% of deaths.
- Non-use of seat belts resulting in 11.5% of deaths.
- According to the data from Global Burden Diseases, 2017, over 2 lakh deaths were estimated in India due to road injuries in 2017.
- The second decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030 sets an ambitious target of preventing at least 50% of road traffic deaths and injuries by 2030 and the Union Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari aims to halve the numbers for India by 2024.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
SOURCE: THE HINDU