SYLLABUS SECTION: GS III (ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
Recently, Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR & Adjoining Areas (CAQM) has formulated a Comprehensive Policy to abate the menace of air pollution in Delhi-NCR.
- It is a crucial step towards overall amelioration of the air quality management of the National Capital Region (NCR) through differentiated geographical approach and timelines of action.
- This policy contains sector-wise recommendations for Agencies and Departments of Central Government,
- NCR State Governments and GNCTD along with Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and State Pollution Control Boards (PCBs) of NCR
- It aims to prevent, control and abate air pollution in the NCR including industries, vehicles/ transport, construction and demolition (C&D), dust from roads and open areas, municipal solid waste burning, crop residue burning etc.
- The policy framed by CAQM also deals with thermal power plants (TPPs), clean fuels & electric mobility, public transportation, road traffic management, diesel generators (DGs), bursting of fire crackers and abating air pollution through greening and plantation.
- Owing to a deficit in infrastructure and systems across sub-regions of the NCR, wide variations in baseline actions, and varying levels of urbanization, a differentiated approach and timelines have been suggested for various sub-regions. These sub-regions include:
- The National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi
- The NCR districts near Delhi — Gurugram, Faridabad, Sonipat, Jhajjar, Rohtak, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddha Nagar and Baghpat
Other NCR districts
- The entire state of Punjab and the non-NCR districts of Haryana, primarily for addressing episodic events of stubble burning
- The critical areas of transformation aimed for meeting the national ambient air quality standards include:
- Widespread access to affordable clean fuels and technology in industry, transport and households
- Mobility transition including through mass transit, electrification of vehicles, building walking and cycling infrastructure and reducing personal vehicle usage etc
- Circular economy for material recovery from waste to prevent its dumping and burning
- Dust management from C&D activities, roads/Right of Ways (RoW) and open areas with appropriate technology, infrastructure and greening measures
- Strict time-bound implementation, improved monitoring and compliance.
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