SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (INTERNAL SECURITY)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
Recently, a man was behead in Udaipur by 2 Mohammedan killers for allegedly posting content in support of suspend leader Nupur Sharma.
- The DA’WAT-E-ISLAMI(DEI), the group to which Rajasthan police have link Ghouse Mohammad who kill tailor Udaipur,
- There is a Sunni Barelvi proselytizing group which found in Pakistan four decades ago.
- Formed in 1981, the DEI was the Barelvi response to what the Sunni sect saw as a virtual Deobandi takeover of Islam, during a period, that Pakistan was actively aiding Islamic radicalism and jihadism funded by the Saudis and armed by the US for the first Afghan War against the Soviet Army.
- Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadri, known as Attar, is a Sufi Islamic preacher, Muslim scholar and founding leader of Dawat-e-Islami.
- This group has chapters in several western countries.
- The Dawat-e-Islami in India, based in Mumbai, is a breakaway Sunni group and has no links to the DEI Pakistan.
- Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP), the Barelvi group that has demonstrated its rallying ability and street power several times since 2016 on the issues of blasphemy and the finality of the Prophet, draws its inspiration from the DEI.
- Many DEI members are now said to be part of Labbaik, which came up in 2015
- The Labbaik mobilized its cadres in 2020-21 to demand that Islamabad must cut off diplomatic relations with France over the Prophet cartoons controversy.
- It contested elections in 2018 in Pakistan and won two seats in the Sindh Assembly
- The jihadi Tanzeems were built in Deobandi mosques and were schools in Deobandi teachings.
- The Pakistan military’s training and backing to such groups gave the Deobandi image a huge shot in the arm.
- After the Soviet withdrawal, the Deobandis contributed to the emergence of the Taliban and their extreme interpretation of Islam.
- Barelvis have been victims of terrorism by groups such as Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Sipah-e-Sahaba, and the Taliban itself.
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SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS