WHY IN THE NEWS INITIATIVES ON ELECTRIC MOBILITY?
In the backdrop of COP 26 President visit to India, NITI Aayog launched two initiatives namely on Electric Mobility.
- E-AMRIT (Accelerated e-Mobility Revolution for India’s Transportation) mobile application to raise awareness on electric mobility
- Report on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery Reuse supported by UK’s Green Growth Fund Technical Cooperation Facility
- Report aims to promote battery recycling of current and evolving battery technologies, and battery supply chain as uptake of electric vehicles increase in India.
- Recycling potential in India will be around 165 GWh by 2030
NEED FOR BATTERY RECYCLING AND REUSE
- Limited availability of raw materials
- Untreated battery waste contaminates soil and groundwater.
- India’s dependence on imports from developed countries to cater growing Lithium-ion batteries market
- Mineral mining activities tends to destroy terrestrial ecosystems, leads to loss in ecological balance, deforestation, GHG emissions etc.
- India is the fifth largest and fastest growing vehicle market in the world, providing massive potential for electric vehicle uptake.
- Electrification of the transport system is the key driver of India’s transformational mobility paradigm.
- Disposal of batteries in landfills should be made illegal.
- Explicitly state the responsibilities of corporates.
- Implement Deposit Refund System to incentivize customers to return batteries
- Supporting start-ups in developing recycling of battery products.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS