SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (GOVERNANCE)
WHY IN NEWS?
Recently, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Georgetown University, and the United Nations University have launched new guidelines to provide the first-ever global policy framework that will help protect, include, and empower children on the move in the context of climate change.
- The guidelines cover both internal as well as cross-border migrations.
- The Guiding Principles for Children on the Move in the Context of Climate Change provides a set of 9 principles
- They provide national and local governments, international organizations, and civil society groups with a foundation to build policies that protect children’s rights.
- Currently, most child-related migration policies do not consider climate and environmental factors, while most climate change policies overlook the unique needs of children.
CLIMATE CHILDREN AND CLIMATE CHANGE:
- One billion children live in 33 countries classified as being at extremely high risk to the impacts of climate change in global policy framework.
- Nearly 10 million children were displace due to weather-relate events in 2020 alone
- Such children may be expose to a variety of risks, such as abuse, trafficking, exploitation and other forms of maltreatment
- 500M children live in areas with high risk of flooding.
- 36% of all deaths among children (aged (0-14) are, in part, cause by environmental factors. 14% of the total migrant population were children in 2019.
- 8M children were displace due to weather-related events in 2020.
- 160M children live in areas with very high risk of drought.
- 14% of the total migrant population were children in 2019.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS