SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (INTERNATIONAL ISSUES)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
According to UNHCR Releases the annual report, the number of people forced to flee their homes has increased,
Every year over the past decade and stands at the highest level since records began.
- According to the report, by the end of 2021, those displaced by war, violence, persecution, and human rights abuses,
- Stood at 89.3 million, up 8 percent on a year earlier and well over double the figure of 10 years ago.
- The main reasons for the displacements are violence, human rights abuses, food insecurity,
- The climate crisis, a war in Ukraine, and other emergencies from Africa to Afghanistan.
- According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), in 2021, there were 23.7 million new internal displacements globally due to disasters (these are in addition to those internally displaced due to conflict and violence).
- The largest displacements in the context of disasters in 2021 occurred in China (6.0 million),
- The Philippines (5.7 million), and India (4.9 million).
- Nearly five million people in India were internally displace due to climate change and disasters in 2021,
- The US was the world’s largest recipient of new individual applications follow by Germany.
- 69% of all refugees came from just five countries: the Syrian Arab Republic (6.8 million),
- Venezuela (4.6 million), Afghanistan (2.7 million), South Sudan (2.4 million), and Myanmar (1.2 million).
- 7 million displaced people returned to their areas or countries of origin in 2021, including 5.3 million internally displaced people and 429,300 refugees Children account for 30% of the world’s population, but 41% of all forces.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- A global organization dedicated to saving lives, protecting rights, and building a better future for refugees, forcibly displaced communities, and stateless people.
- It was created in 1950, to deal with the aftermath of the Second world war | UNHCR Releases the annual report.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
SOURCE: THE HINDU