SYLLABUS SECTION: GS II (INTERNATIONAL ISSUES)
WHY IN THE NEWS?
The US Supreme Court’s overturning of the landmark Roe v. Wade decision that is related to constitutional protections for abortions | US ABORTION RULING SPARKS.
- The US Supreme Court’s overturn the landmark Roe v. Wad and give individual states the choice of banning or allowing abortions.
- It will increase the demand for abortion pills, which can be prescribe through online telemedicine visits,
- It will most immediately affect the 13 states that have trigger laws.
- Medication abortion will not necessarily offer a way for most women to avoid the stringent new abortion bans,
- Now they expected to pass in conservative states in US ABORTION RULING SPARKS.
WHAT IS MEDICAL ABORTION?
- In a medication abortion, a patient takes a drug called mifepristone, also known as RU-486, followed by a second drug called misoprostol, to end a pregnancy rather than having a surgical procedure.
- The US Food and Drug Administration approved mifepristone in 2000, but until very recently, the FDA mandated that patients get it at a doctor’s office, clinic or hospital.
- Easing those restrictions during the Covid-19 pandemic, permanently did away with the requirement that it had to be dispense in person
Impact of the Supreme Court’s ruling on telemedicine abortion:
- Before the Supreme Court’s ruling, 13 states had so-called “trigger laws” written to impose new abortion bans immediately or soon after Roe v. Wade was overturned, and other states are expected to follow after Friday’s ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health.
- At least 26 states, including those with trigger laws, will pass new abortion laws. Such state laws have so far not distinguished between surgical and medication abortion, so they are expected to ban medication abortion entirely.
- Some will ban abortions almost completely, while others outlaw abortion at six weeks or 15 weeks.
ABORTION IN INDIA
· Abortion in India has been legal under various circumstances for the last 50 years with the introduction of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act in 1971.
· The Act was amended in 2003 to enable women’s accessibility to safe and legal abortion services.
Read more: UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS