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TOPPERS & Reviews..
AIR 72 (IFOS)
Narinder Pal Singh
AIR 06 (IFOS)
Challapalle Yashwanth K. Reddy
Akhil V Menon
Vidya, UPSC Aspirant (Andhra Pradesh)
Shivam Yadav, UPSC Aspirant (Uttar Pradesh)
Pradeep Bhar, UPSC Aspirant (Odisha)
Siddhu, UPSC Aspirant (Punjab)
Rounak Tyagi, AIR 35 (CAPF)
Suman Sourav Mohanty, AIR 9 (IAS)
Ayushi Jain, AIR 85 (IPS)
Vaishali Jain, AIR 21 (IAS)
Dr. Harika, UPSC Aspirant (New Delhi)
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Case studies have always been of paramount importance since they make up 50% of the Ethics paper. To help you in acing case studies with grace, Eden IAS extends a foundation course called “Ethics GS4”. It is taught by the jewel of Eden IAS – Mr. Tirthankar Roychowdhary who is bestowed with exceptional interpersonal skills.
Eden IAS provides the students with study material curated by Tirthankar Roychowdhary sir. The study material primarily includes four comprehensive booklets:
- Theoretical Framework
- Glossary for Ethics
- 70 Thinkers & Thoughts
- Ethics workbook for case studies
In the booklet on case studies, there are 100 case studies that can be practiced by students. You can find startup case studies there. The booklet is so comprehensive that you don’t have to look for any other material as far as this paper is concerned.
This course is worth opting for because:
- Faculty: Nobody can teach Ethics better than Tirthankar Roychowdhary sir. His bold command over the subject coupled with exceptional interpersonal skills makes this course worth opting for.
- Study material: The booklets that are provided are supplemented with class notes that students are compelled to write during classes. This leaves them with an easy way of revising what is being taught on a regular basis.
- Class strength: We at Eden IAS don’t exceed the strength of a class till 70. As a result, the classes are loaded with a tinge of extra personal attention. This implies that it increases the possibility of one on one interaction of the faculty with the students.
Tests: In between 50 classes, students are made to appear for five sectional tests. The answer sheets are checked and evaluated and then an individual feedback is remarked for each of them so that students can identify the gray areas and can improve them.
As per Mr. Tirthankar Roychowdhary, who takes Ethics at Eden IAS and is regarded as one of the best Ethics teachers in Delhi recommends following a tactical 10-step approach.
Once you read an ethics case study question, you need to follow 10 steps and write a 250-word answer. Steps 2 to 7 are technically termed as “ethical mapping” and are very important.
Step 1. Framing out a factual summary of the case study: Identify the facts and highlight them while reading the question. This will help you in making rational assumptions and avoiding wild assumptions/guesses.
Step 2. Identifying the stakeholders and their type: Once you read the question, you can make out who are potential people who are getting affected in the given question. These people are called stakeholders. There are two types of stakeholders – specific or primary stakeholders, who get directly impacted in the given case and generic or other stakeholders, who are indirectly impacted in the given case. You need to see which type of stakeholders are involved in the given question.
Step 3. Interests of the stakeholders: Next, identify the interests of these stakeholders.
Step 4. Conflict of interests: Identify the situations where the interests of the stakeholders are clashing with each other.
Step 5. Underlying values of various interests: Every interest has an underlying value. If interest is a structure, then values are its fundamental block. So, the next step involves finding the values that are hidden behind the interests. Keep in mind that there is not a clash of interests but a clash of values. This is called an “ethical dilemma”.
Step 6. Identifying the situations of ethical dilemma/paradoxes: The next step is to find such situations. For eg – Between duty towards nation or family, which one should you choose? Such duty-based ethics are called Deontological ethics.
Step 7. Producing/evaluating the various options: List down the potential options that can be opted for. If given, check their merits and demerits.
Step 8. Ethical judgment: Choosing an appropriate option from the aforementioned ones.
Step 9. Ethical justification: On the basis of ethical and moral reasoning (via moral thinkers, philosophers, and their thoughts), you justify your decision.
Step 10. Conclusion: Using a quote, slogan etc, you leave an idea and let it flow.
Case studies cannot be approached the way you approach other questions of the Mains examination. Once you see a case study question, your whole sole objective should be to prove to the examiner that you are beyond the realms of this case study by leaving an indelible impact on the examiner. In Eden IAS’s Ethics GS4 foundation course, Mr. Tirthankar Roychowdhary helps out students in preparing for ethics case studies
Tackling Ethics case studies requires a lot of patience and one has to be very systematic. If you don’t follow the right approach and try to put an early end to your answer, you might not be able to impress the examiner. Mr. Tirthankar Roychowdhary teaches students to undertake the following approach to attempt a case study:
STEP 1: FACTS
Identify all the facts given in the question.
STEP 2: STAKEHOLDERS
Identify all the stakeholders given in the question.
STEP 3: INTERESTS OF STAKEHOLDERS
Identify all the interests of stakeholders given in the question.
STEP 4: CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS
Identify all the conflicts of interest given in the question.
STEP 5: VALUES BEHIND THE INTERESTS
Identify all the values behind the interests given in the question. Usually, there is a clash of values which leads to an “Ethical Dilemma”.
STEP 6: ETHICAL DILEMMA
Identify all the situations of ethical dilemmas.
STEP 7: LOOKING FOR OPTIONS
List down the options that can be potential solutions. When options are given, list down their respective merits and demerits.
STEP 8: ETHICAL JUDGMENT
Write down an ethical judgment by choosing the right option.
STEP 9: ETHICAL JUSTIFICATION
Justify the aforementioned judgment via the thoughts and philosophies of moral thinkers.
STEP 10: CONCLUSION
Conclude with 2-3 lines or a quote or a slogan.
The weightage of case studies in the ethics paper is 120 out of 250 marks. So, case studies are to be attempted with great care in order to fetch handsome marks.
As per Mr. Tirthankar Roychowdhary, who takes Ethics at Eden IAS and is regarded as one of the best Ethics teachers in Delhi recommends following a tactical 10-step approach. Steps 2 to 7 are technically termed as “ethical mapping” and are very important.
There are numerous steps to tackle a case study question. The following is one such generic approach:
- Highlighting the facts.
- Moving forward, identify the stakeholders.
- Identifying the interest of these stakeholders.
- Identifying the conflict of interests.
- Highlighting the underlying values behind these interests.
- Next, look out for ethical dilemmas/paradoxes.
- If given, evaluate the merits and demerit of the options otherwise list down potential options for the given situation.
- Give a judgment that is ethically correct.
- Justify the given judgment with the idea or philosophy of a moral thinker.
- Last but not the least, write a short, crisp conclusion. You can use a quote from a moral thinker/philosopher or a slogan.
If one approaches an ethics case study in this manner, then one won’t just be fulfilling the word limit criteria but also, will be beautifully expounding what the examiner is looking for in the solution to a typical ethics case study. This will fetch one handsome mark in GS-IV.
Ethics GS4 Foundation course by Mr. Tirthankar Roychowdhary is going on. Enroll now and get proper guidance for Ethics (GS Paper IV).